Wednesday, 28 November 2018

Celery, the Functional Vegetable for the Prevention and Treatment of Lung cancer

By Kyle J. Norton

Scientists may have found a veggie with the potential for the prevention and treatment of lung cancer, some studies suggested.

Lung cancer is a chronic and medical condition caused irregular cell growth in the lung tissue due to DNA alternation.

Most cases of primary lung cancer start from the alternated cell on the surface of the inner ling of the lung.

At the later stage, after colonizing most parts of the lung, the cancerous cell can travel a distance away from the lung to infect other healthy tissue and organs.

At the early of lung cancer, patients may not have any symptoms. however, as the tumor grows larger, it can suppress the nearby tissue and nerve cells, leading localized pain and discomforts.

Researchers do not know the exact causes of lung cancer. Long-term cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors associated with the substantial risk of the disease, according to epidemiological studies.

Other risk factors including long-term exposure to secondhand smoke and radiation have also increased the risk of lung cancer onset.

Dr. Beate Pesch, the lead scientist in the study "Cigarette smoking and lung cancer,..."Current male smokers with an average daily dose of >30 cigarettes had ORs of 103.5 for SqCC, 111.3 for SCLC, and for AdCa. In women, the corresponding ORs were 62.7,  108.6 and 16.8, respectively".

The risk of lung cancer increased proportionally to the increase of numbers of cigarettes daily depending on the types of lung cancer.

Male smokers are at a higher risk of lung cancer, compare to female smokers.

Celery is a species of Apium graveolens, belonging to the family Apiaceae. It is cultivated all around the globe as a vegetable. Celery can grow to 1/2 m tall with stalks (leaf on the top) arranging in a conical shape joined at a common base.

In the concerns of the widespread of lung cancer in rural China, researchers at the Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, launched a study to evaluate the relationship between dietary intake of vegetables and fruit and lung cancer risk in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, northeast China.

The case-control study, conducted from 1987 to 1990, among 218 cases with the incident, histologically confirmed lung cancer and 436 controls admitted to the same hospitals as cases with non-neoplastic, non-lung diseases unrelated to smoking and other potential risk factors for lung cancer.

After taking a closed differentiation of the returned questionnaire, high intake of celery was found to be the most outstanding vegetable in lowering the cancer incidence compared to the high intake of Chinese cabbage, chives, and carrots.

Sadly, the OR was more than six-fold elevated for smokers reporting low intake of vegetables and more than four-fold elevated for smokers reporting low intake of fruit, as compared with never smokers reporting high intake of these items.

Futhermore, in the reaffirmation of vegetable intake in reducing the risk of lung cancer in the Tin Corporation (YTC) miners in Yunnan, researchers once against suggested that high intake of celery is associated to the lower risk of lung cancer.

However, the reducing risk of lung cancer also is dependent on the type of vegetable intake and the total volume of vegetable intake daily.

Taken all together, celery may be considered a functional vegetable in reducing the risk of lung cancer and an adjunct therapy combined with the primary medicine for the treatment of lung cancer without inducing any adverse effects.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Dietary intake of fruit and vegetable and lung cancer risk: a case-control study in Harbin, northeast China by Galeone C1, Negri E, Pelucchi C, La Vecchia C, Bosetti C, Hu J.(PubMed)
(2) [A cohort study on the relationship between vegetable intake and risks of lung cancer in the Tin Corporation (YTC) miners in Yunnan].[Article in Chinese] by Lu Q1, Yao S, Huang C, Lan Y, Cang S, Qiao Y, Wang R.(PubMed)
(3) Cigarette smoking and lung cancer – relative risk estimates for the major histological types from a pooled analysis of case-control studies by Beate Pesch,1,✉ Benjamin Kendzia,1 Per Gustavsson,2 Karl-Heinz Jöckel,3 Georg Johnen,1Hermann Pohlabeln,4 Ann Olsson,2,5 Wolfgang Ahrens,4 Isabelle Mercedes Gross,1 Irene Brüske,6Heinz-Erich Wichmann,6 Franco Merletti,7 Lorenzo Richiardi,7 Lorenzo Simonato,8Cristina Fortes,9 Jack Siemiatycki,10 Marie-Elise Parent,10,11 Dario Consonni,12Maria Teresa Landi,13 Neil Caporaso,13 David Zaridze,14 Adrian Cassidy,15Neonila Szeszenia-Dabrowska,16 Peter Rudnai,17 Jolanta Lissowska,18 Isabelle Stücker,19Eleonora Fabianova,20 Rodica Stanescu Dumitru,21 Vladimir Bencko,22 Lenka Foretova,23Vladimir Janout,24 Charles M. Rudin,25 Paul Brennan,5 Paolo Boffetta,26,27 Kurt Straif,5 andThomas Brüning. (PMC)

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