Types of Musculo-Skeletal disorders in elder(2)
3. Rheumatoid Arthritis
4. Polymalagia Arthritis
5. Cervical myleopathy and spinal canal stenosis
7. Low back pain
B.1. Life style modification according herbal and TCM medicine specialist
Life style modification has shown to be beneficiary for patients with osteoarthritis, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis to improve musculoskeletal and bone health and reduce disability, according to the University of Tasmania(383). Modern herbal and TCM medicine specialists may suggest the following
1. Maintain proper weight
Lean women and women with abnormal weight change are found to associate the risk factors and risk of proximal femur bone loss(384).
According to the joint study lead by the David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Postmenopausal weight change such as weight gain, weight loss, and intentional weight loss are associated with increased incidence of fracture, including upper limbs, lower limbs, and central body; hip fracture,...(385).
2. Physical activity
Exercise, today is less popular leisure-time activity in many countries throughout the Western world, especially in the youth due to promotion of information collection through mobile phone. According to study, moderate exercise, has found to prevent and ameliorated the risk of osteoporosis(389). A physically active women has found to associate to reduce risk of osteoporosis (384) in compared with physically inactive women(386). According to the Federal University of São Paulo, physical exercise is an important stimulus for osteoporosis, as it improves bone microarchitecture, bone density and bone strength, as well as increasing physical function(387), through the stimulation of bone tissue, muscle strength and muscle contraction(387).
Moderate alcohol drinking has long been associated to over all health and longevity. In dose depent-manner, alcohol intake among menopausal women are highly significant correlated with osteoporosis, causing the quantity and quality of BMD declines gradually or even rapidly(432). A radiographic survey of 96 fully ambulatory male patient with chronic alcoholism between age ranged from 24 to 62 year showed that osteoporosis is found in most of the patient regardless of age. Bone loss has also found in patient relatively young from age 31 to 45 years(427).
The joint study lead by State University of Sao Paulo also insisted that chronic alcoholism may affect bones in general through induced apoptosis of osteoblasts and osteocytes and bone cells(433).
(433) Alcoholic and isocaloric diet, but not ovariectomy, influence the apoptosis of bone cells within the alveolar bone crest of rats by Marchini AM1, Gonçalves LL2, Salgado MC1, do Prado RF1, Marchini L3, Carvalho YR1, da Rocha RF1.(PubMed)