Saturday, 9 November 2019

Herbal Turmeric Protects the Blood Vessels Against Vascular Inflammation

By Kyle J. Norton

Inflammation is a natural reaction of the immune system's self-protection to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, pathogens... from our body.

Acute inflammatory inflammation is a result of the over-response of the immune system after sensing the injury or damage of the body through activating the protein associated with the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

The aim of the proinflammatory cytokines is to kill the invasive pathogens, which try to enter the body through the wound.

In the acute phase of infection, the immune system in the stimulating production of proinflammatory cytokines may induce overproduction of these cytokines can cause death or damage to the nearby cells, leading to scar formation and symptoms of localized swelling, redness and fever.

Chronic inflammation is a serious condition caused by the immune system to adapt to the new change due to its inability to kill all the invasion within a set of times.
Vasoprotection is the process to improve the function of the blood vessels, including the use of the herbal and natural remedy.

Blood vessels are the tubular structure including a vein, artery, or capillary which carries the blood through the tissues and organs pumped by the heart.

There 3 main types of blood vessel are arteries that deliver oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the tissues and organs of the body. Damage of arteries may induce coronary artery disease associated with the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries due to plaques accumulated in the arterial wall.

The veins that carry blood toward the heart. Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common condition associated with disease of the veins that affects up to 20 percent of adults.

The capillaries or the smallest blood vessels that have been found to induce systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare acquired disorder.

Vascular inflammation is a condition associated with the inflammation of the blood vessel caused by the overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in vascular inflammation. Atherosclerosis is characterized by chronic inflammation of the vascular wall.

Chronic vascular inflammation has been found to cause historical changes in the blood vessel walls, leading to blood vessel wall thickening, weakening, narrowing or scarring on orchestrating blood flow restriction,  resulting in organ and tissue damage.

Most common symptoms of vascular inflammation are associated with the reduced blood flow to supply nutrients and fluid to the body tissues, including fever, headache, fatigue, general aches, and pains, night sweats, rash,  numbness, and weakness.

Turmeric is a perennial plant in the genus Curcuma, belongings to the family Zingiberaceae, native to tropical South Asia.

The herb has been used in traditional medicine as anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, colorant, antiseptic, wound healing agent, and to treat flatulence, bloating, and appetite loss, ulcers, eczema, inflammations, etc.

On findings, a potential compound for the treatment of acute vascular inflammation researchers evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity, the cytotoxic effect of a novel chemically modified, non-carbonyl compound enriched Curcuma longa L. (C. longa) extract (CMCE).

According to the tested analysis, CMCE at the concentration of 1 or 10 μg/mL at 14 h, significantly decreased LPS (50-100 ng/mL) induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TLR4 expression in THP-1 cells, human, and mouse whole blood.

In THP-1 cells, CMCE inhibited the expression of IRAK1, which plays a critical role in initiating an innate immune response against foreign pathogens, MAPK involved in directing cellular responses to a diverse array of stimuli.

CMCE (30, 100, and 300 mg/kg; 10 days p.o.) pre-treated and LPS (10 mg/kg) in Swiss mice exhibited attenuated plasma TNF-α, IL-1β, nitrite, aortic iNOS expression, and vascular dysfunction associated with the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

In HL-60 cells., CMCE. exerted cytotoxic effects through cell cycle arrest on the Sub-G1 phase, increased apoptotic cells, loss of mitochondrial membrane in the cancer cells and activation of cascade associated with pro-apoptosis.

Taken altogether, turmeric processed abundantly bioactive compound curcumin may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of vascular inflammation, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of turmeric in the form of supplements should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) A Standardized Chemically Modified Curcuma longa Extract Modulates IRAK-MAPK Signaling in Inflammation and Potentiates Cytotoxicity by Rana M1, Maurya P1, Reddy SS1, Singh V1, Ahmad H2, Dwivedi AK2, Dikshit M1, Barthwal MK. (PubMed)
(2) Curcumin: An Effective Inhibitor of Interleukin-6 by Ghandadi M1, Sahebkar A. (PubMed)

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