Sunday, 8 November 2015

The 2nd edition of The holistic Prevention, Management and Treatment of Dementia under The Microscope of Conventional Medicine: TCM Treatment of Dementia Induced by Kidney Qi Deficiency

Kyle J. Norton (Scholar)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Dementia is defined as neuro degeneration syndrome among elder, affecting memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement over 47 millions
of worldwide population, mostly in the West. The evaluation of the syndrome by holistic medicine has been lacking, especially through conventional medicine research and studies. The aim of this essay is to provide accurate information of how effective of holistic medicine in prevention, management and treatment of dementia through searching data base of PubMed.
This is the third time, a research paper has been written this way to general public that you will not find any where in the net.

Dementia is a neuropsychiatric disorder induced of cognitive impairment and behavioral disturbances. The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common, with a progressive loss of memory and other mental abilities, affecting a person's ability to perform usual tasks in everyday life.

Treatment in Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine

B. In traditional Chinese Medicine Perspective(*)
Based on Chinese ancient medical records, causes of dementia are the results of (*)
B.1. Deficiency of Qi, mainly due to
B.1.1. Kidney Qi deficiency
Kidney Qi deficiency is a condition of the inability of kidney in expelling extra fluid in the body through urinary secretion via bladder. If the fluid accumulation(a) or hydration(b) occurs in the brain(a) for a prolong period of time, can induce abnormal function of neurons in information transmitting or gradual death of brain's neurons(c), leading cognitive impairment, including dementia. In elders, kidney Qi deficiency may also be related to gradual depletion of kidney essences(Jing) due to aging, according to traditional Chinese medicine.

Chinese herbs used to treat kidney Qi deficiency include
1. Lu rong(810)
Lu rong is also known as deer antler, deer antler velvet, used in traditional Chinese medicine to reduce the blockage of the meridian liver and kidney for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(811), osteoarthritis(812), sexual function(813)(814), and sporting performance enhancement(810)(815) by enhancing the yang energy(815). Since qi deficiency is also related to blood deficiency(816), improving the body yang by strengthening the liver's function in blood formation(816) and kidney's function in fluid distribution(817), reduce the yang deficiency in the body. In neuroprotective effect, deer antler extract prevented glutamate-induced oxidative stress of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation causes of neurodegenerative disorders(832).

2. Du Zhong
Du Zhong, also known ecommia bark, is one the most used herb to enhance the function of meridian kidney-liver by promoting the qi and blood formation. The liver is a organ in charge of blood storing and blood formation(818) and kidney is in charge of fluid regulation(817).
Administration of the du zhong promotes kidney yang through action of harmony by increasing blood flow(819) and reducing fluid accumulated(820) in the body (821). In learning and memory deficits mice caused by oxidative stress, du zhong significantly improved the impairment of short-term or working memory and reversed learning and memory deficits(833), through inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in a dose-dependent manner (834) and oxidative stress causes of neuronal cell death(835)

3. Ba Ji Tian
Ba ji tian, is also known as Chinese morinda root with sweet and warm in nature, used in TCM to strengthen the liver(823), kidney qi(822) and blood yang(824) for enhancing the liver in blood formation and kidney in urinary secretion, According to Academy of Military Medical Sciences, ba ji tian showed a strong anti antidepressant activities through its phytochemicals succinic acid, nystose, 1F-fructofuranosylnystose, inulin-type hexasaccharide and heptasaccharide(836)(837).

4. Rou Chong Rong
Rou Chong Rong is also known as Herba Cistanche used in traditional Chinese medicine for reducing the blockage of kidney-large intestine meridian(825), by increasing the kidney function in fluid regulation through improved blood circulation(826), assisted urinary secretion and digestive system in moving waste. In mouse model with learning and memory deficit, rou chong rong extract increased neuronal cell differentiation, neurite length, and synapse formation in hippocampus, through nerve growth factor (NGF) biological activities, such as preventing neuronal death(838), memory loss, and increaseing long-term potentiation and learning task(839).

5. Bu Gu Zhi
Bu gu zhi is also known as psoralea fruit used in traditional Chinese medicine in treating blockage of meridian kidney-Spleen(827) by tonifying the yang(828), increasing the kidney function(829) and assisting the functions of lung qi(830) and spleen in qi distribution(831). In stem neoronal study, phytochemicals psoralen, oleanolic acid, and stilbene glucoside found in psoralea fruit exerted its anti cognitive protective effect through promoting self-renewal of neural stem cells NSCs and neuron-like differentiation(840). In rat with Huntington's disease (HD) using 3-NP induced mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured (PC12) cells, psoralea corylifolia Linn seed extracts, showed a significant protective effect against 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) induced cytotoxicity(841).

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(810) Health benefits of deer and elk velvet antler supplements: a systematic review of randomised controlled studies by Gilbey A1, Perezgonzalez JD.(PubMed)
(811) Elk velvet antler in rheumatoid arthritis: phase II trial. by Allen M1, Oberle K, Grace M, Russell A.(PubMed)
(812) The effects of velvet antler polypeptides on the phenotype and related biological indicators of osteoarthritic rabbit chondrocytes. by Zhang Z1, Liu X, Duan L, Li X, Zhang Y, Zhou Q.(PubMed)
(813) Deer antlers as a model of Mammalian regeneration. by Price J1, Faucheux C, Allen S.(PubMed)
(814) Growth and reproductive performance of sambar deer in Sabal Forest Reserve of Sarawak, Malaysia. by Dahlan I1, Dawend J.(PubMed)
(815) Deer Antler Velvet (Lu Rong)(Chinese herb healing)
(816) Mechanisms of Qi-blood circulation and Qi deficiency syndrome in view of blood and interstitial fluid circulation. by Yao W1, Yang H, Ding G.(PubMed)
(817) Kidneys(Traditional Chinese medicine basics)
(818) Liver(Inner body)
(819) [Research about formulas for activating blood and resolving stasis Xuesaitong capsule regulate CD117+ hemopoietic stem cell to produce new blood].[Article in Chinese] by Zhang BX, Zhang JS, Du MM, Zhang YY, Zhu HF.(PubMed)
(820) Eucommia Bark(Dallas Acupuncture Works)
(821) DU ZHONG(Four flowers)
(822) Ba Ji Tian(TCMwiki)
(823) Ba ji tian(Complementary and Alternative Healing University),
(824) Rou Cong Rong(TCMcure)
(825) Rou Cong Rong(Complementary and Alternative Healing University)
(826) Overcome Infertility - How to Treat Cold Uterus in The Yang Phrase Of Menstrual Cycle by Kyle J. Norton
(827) Bu Gu Zhi(TCMWiki)
(828) Bu Gu Zhi(Qiherbal)
(829) Bu Gu Zhi(Plantcures)
(830) Bu Gu Zhi Psoralea Fruit - Chinese Herbal Medicine
(831) BU GU ZHI(Fourflowers)
(832) Neuroprotective action of deer bone extract against glutamate or Aβ₁₋₄₂-induced oxidative stress in mouse hippocampal cells. by Kim CR1, Jeon HL, Shin SK, Kim HJ, Ahn CW, Jung SU, Park SH, Kim MR.(PubMed)
(833) Inhibitory Effects of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark on Scopolamine-Induced Learning and Memory Deficits in Mice. by Kwon SH1, Ma SX1, Joo HJ1, Lee SY1, Jang CG1.(PubMed)
(834) Neuroprotective effects of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark on amyloid beta(25-35)-induced learning and memory impairments in mice by Kwon SH1, Lee HK, Kim JA, Hong SI, Kim SY, Jo TH, Park YI, Lee CK, Kim YB, Lee SY, Jang CG.(PubMed)
(835) Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. bark. attenuates 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neuronal cell death through inhibition of oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells. by Kwon SH1, Ma SX1, Hong SI1, Kim SY2, Lee SY1, Jang CG3.(PubMed)
(836) [Antidepressant active constituents in the roots of Morinda officinalis How].[Article in Chinese] by Cui C1, Yang M, Yao Z, Cao B, Luo Z, Xu Y, Chen Y.(PubMed)
(837) The effect of Morinda officinalis How, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant, on the DRL 72-s schedule in rats and the forced swimming test in mice by Zhong-Qi Zhang, , Li Yuan, Ming Yang, Zhi-Pu Luo, Yi-Min Zhao(Sciencedirect)
(838) Cistanches Herba enhances learning and memory by inducing nerve growth factor. byChoi JG1, Moon M, Jeong HU, Kim MC, Kim SY, Oh MS.(PubMed)
(839) The multi-herbal medicine Gongjin-dan enhances memory and learning tasks via NGF regulation. by Moon E1, Her Y, Lee JB, Park JH, Lee EH, Kim SH, Oh MS, Jang CG, Kim SY.(PubMed)
(840) [Effective Components of three kinds of shen-supplementing Chinese medicine on self-renewal and neuron-like differentiation of NSCs in AD mouse embryos: an experimental research].[Article in Chinese] by Zhang YL, Zhang LL, Song WS, Han WW, Huang JH, Zhou Z.(PubMed)
(841) Neuroprotective effects of Psoralea corylifolia Linn seed extracts on mitochondrial dysfunction induced by 3-nitropropionic Im AR, Chae SW, Zhang GJ, Lee MY1.(PubMed)

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