Friday, 28 October 2016

Regular Walking Reduces Risk of Over Weight and visceral or subcutaneous fat accumulation in Older Adults

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Visceral or subcutaneous fat accumulation is fat accumulated in the abdominal area, leading to higher risk of insulin resistance, and its concomitant metabolic disorders (the metabolic syndrome) including atherogenic dyslipidemia(1), in comparison to those with less visceral fat accumulation.

Regular physical activity has long been found to associate to the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other chronic diseases, but regular walking contribution of reduced risk of visceral or subcutaneous fat accumulation in the younger and older elderly have been lacking, probably due to its association to complication of obesity(2).

The study of total of 173 sedentary, overweight (body mass index > or =24.0 and >33% body fat), postmenopausal women aged 50 to 75 years who were living in the Seattle, Wash, area, suggested, Walking reduced body weight and body fat among overweight and obese postmenopausal it was the most frequently reported activity in the group(3).

Dr. Lynch NA and colleagues at the University of Maryland School of Medicine insisted that walking not only is associated with greater reductions in visceral adiposity in obese postmenopausal women but also improved in maximal O(2) uptake (VO(2 max)(4) of that is said to significantly improve the metabolic profile(5).

In fact, regular walking is found to reduce risk of visceral or subcutaneous fat accumulation as it prevents the early state of weigh gain.

The Okayama Southern Institute of Health in the study of Thirty one obese Japanese males (body mass index (BMI) > or = 25) ranging in age from 32 to 59, participated in a 1-year follow up study said, " intra-abdominal visceral adipose tissue is critically involved in insulin resistance and daily walking rather than improvement of exercise capacity correlated with the reduction of visceral adipose tissue in obese Japanese males."(6). As walking significantly lowers serum leptin concentrations(8), and thus it may improve the leptin resistance observed in overweight adults(7).

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(1) Obesity and dyslipidemia in South Asians by Misra A1, Shrivastava U.(PubMed)
(2) [Systolic pressure, abdominal obesity and body fat, metabolic syndrome predictors in Spanish preschoolers].[Article in Spanish] by Gutiérrez Hervás AI1, Rizo Baeza MM2, Martínez Amorós N3, Cortés Castell E4.(PubMed)
(3) Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial by Irwin ML1, Yasui Y, Ulrich CM, Bowen D, Rudolph RE, Schwartz RS, Yukawa M, Aiello E, Potter JD, McTiernan A.(PubMed)
(4) Reductions in visceral fat during weight loss and walking are associated with improvements in VO(2 max) by Lynch NA1, Nicklas BJ, Berman DM, Dennis KE, Goldberg AP.(PubMed)
(5) Is there a threshold of visceral fat loss that improves the metabolic profile in obese postmenopausal women? by Brochu M1, Tchernof A, Turner AN, Ades PA, Poehlman ET.(PubMed)
(6) Daily walking reduces visceral adipose tissue areas and improves insulin resistance in Japanese obese subjects by Miyatake N1, Nishikawa H, Morishita A, Kunitomi M, Wada J, Suzuki H, Takahashi K, Makino H, Kira S, Fujii M.(PubMed)
(7) Physical activity is associated with risk factors for chronic disease across adult women's life cycle by Woolf K1, Reese CE, Mason MP, Beaird LC, Tudor-Locke C, Vaughan LA.(PubMed)
(8) Moderate physical activity permits acute coupling between serum leptin and appetite-satiety measures in obese women by Tsofliou F1, Pitsiladis YP, Malkova D, Wallace AM, Lean ME.(PubMed)

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