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Saturday, 11 March 2017

The Research and Studies of Musculo-Skeletal disorders(MSDs) - Osteoarthritis Treatment in Conventional Medicine - Physical Activity

Kyle J. Norton (Scholar)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are medical condition mostly caused by work related occupations and working environment, affecting patients’ muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves and developing over time. A community sample of 73 females and 32 males aged 85 and over underwent a standardised examination at home. Musculoskeletal pain was reported by 57% of those interviewed. A major restriction of joint movement range was frequent in the shoulder but uncommon in other joints(1).

Types of Musculo-Skeletal disorders in elder(2)
1. Osteoarthritis
2. Gout
3. Rheumatoid Arthritis
4. Polymalagia Arthritis
5. Cervical myleopathy and spinal canal stenosis
6. Osteoporosis
7. Low back pain
8. Fibromyalgia

                                Osteoarthritis 


Osteoarthritis (OA), a form of arthritis, is defined as a condition of as a result of aging causes of wear and tear on a joint, affecting over 25 million people in the United States in alone. University of Porto Medical School indicated that one must understand the differences in prevalence and incidence estimates of osteoarthritis (OA), according to case definition, in knee, hip and hand joints(3).


The characteristics of osteoarthritis are aching pain(5), stiffness(6), or difficulty of moving the joint or joints(7). The pain usually gets worse in change of weather, at night and in the advanced diseases, the pain can occur even at rest(8). Today management of osteoarthritis (OA) focuses on pain relief and improved physical function through pharmacological, non pharmacological, and surgical treatments(4).

                                    The Physical Activity

A.1. Physical Activity
According to the center for diseases control and prevention recommends that everyone, including those with arthritis, get 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week, including daily flexibility exercises to maintain proper joint range of motion and do balance exercises in patient with osteoarthritis(231). According to the study by University of Manitoba, 12 week lower body positive pressure-support low-load treadmill walking program in patients aged between 55 and 75 years, improved knee joint pain, function, and thigh muscle strength in overweight patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and consider as a safe user-friendly mode of exercise used in management of day-to-day joint symptoms associated with knee OA(232)(233). Other studies insisted that the same program showed a significant improvements in knee joint pain and function and demonstrated significant increases in thigh muscle strength about the degenerative knee(234). Stretching gently on joints may improve flexibility, lessen stiffness and reduced pain. In a study of Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and stretching exercises, researchers found that LLLT can be used as resource to increase the effects of physical therapy(237).


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Back to Kyle J. Norton Home page http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca p/general-health.htmlReferences

(231) Physical Activity and Arthritis Overview(CDC)
(232) Managing Knee Osteoarthritis: The Effects of Body Weight Supported Physical Activity on Joint Pain, Function, and Thigh Muscle Strength by Peeler J1, Christian M, Cooper J, Leiter J, MacDonald P.(PubMed)
(233) Lower body positive pressure: an emerging technology in the battle against knee osteoarthritis? by Takacs J1, Anderson JE, Leiter JR, MacDonald PB, Peeler JD.(PubMed)
(234) Managing Knee Osteoarthritis: The Effects of Body Weight Supported Physical Activity on Joint Pain, Function, and Thigh Muscle Strength by Peeler J1, Christian M, Cooper J, Leiter J, MacDonald P.(PubMed)
(235) Weight loss over 48 months is associated with reduced progression of cartilage T2 relaxation time values: data from the osteoarthritis initiative by Serebrakian AT1, Poulos T, Liebl H, Joseph GB, Lai A, Nevitt MC, Lynch JA, McCulloch CE, Link TM.(PubMed)
(236) Obesity versus osteoarthritis: beyond the mechanical overload.[Article in English, Portuguese] by Sartori-Cintra AR1, Aikawa P2, Cintra DE3.(PubMed)
(237) Effect of low-level laser therapy (904 nm) and static stretching in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a protocol of randomised controlled trial by Ferreira de Meneses SR1,2, Hunter DJ3, Young Docko E4, Pasqual Marques A5.(PubMed)