Tuesday, 26 January 2016

Most Common Disease of elder: The Clinical trials and Studies of Musculo-Skeletal disorders(MSDs) - Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Diet

Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrients, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are medical condition mostly caused by work related occupations and working environment, affecting patients’ muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves and developing over time. A community sample of 73 females and 32 males aged 85 and over underwent a standardised examination at home. Musculoskeletal pain was reported by 57% of those interviewed. A major restriction of joint movement range was frequent in the shoulder but uncommon in other joints(1).

Types of Musculo-Skeletal disorders in elder(2)
1. Osteoarthritis
2. Gout
3. Rheumatoid Arthritis
4. Polymalagia Arthritis
5. Cervical myleopathy and spinal canal stenosis
6. Osteoporosis
7. Low back pain
8. Fibromyalgia

                          Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is defined a chronic disorder as a result of inflammation, affecting mostly the flexible (synovial) joints and tissues and organs in the body. The disease affects more women than men and generally occurs after the ages of 40, causing diminished quality of life of many elders(1). According to CDC, Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)  affects over 52 millions of adults in the US alone, including 294,000 children under age 18 with some form of arthritis or rheumatic conditions(2). Rheumatoid Arthritis can induced bone loss through elevating bone resorption without increasing bone formation(4). A cross-sectional population-based study of 1042 patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed that RA patients had an increased risk of death from various causes(4a).

                                   The Diet

The Diet reduced risk of over expression of pro inflammatory cytokine is always important to prevent the early onset and patient with progression of the rheumatoid arthritis.
1. Organic Soy
Intake of soy protein can enhance the protective effect against Rheumatoid Arthritis(129). Genistein, an isoflavone derivative found in soy suppressed the proinflammatory cytokine production, through inhibiting the expression of accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)(130).
In animal model with with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA),, genistein, daidzein, and soy protein found in organic soy, restore the paraoxonase and arylesterase activity as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) level fo that have a related improvement of patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis(131).

2. Green tea
Green tea uss as a precious drink in social activities in many culture has been found to prevent the onset of rheumatoid arthritis and protect against the progression of the diseases due tom aging, via its antioxidant property(132). In animal models, green tea aqueous extract improve over function of rat with rheumatoid arthritis through significantly decreasing and down-regulating the systemic production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the expression of chemokine receptor-5 in synovial tissues(133). Dr. Ahmed S. said "Green tea's active ingredient, epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG), ....one of the leading plant-derived molecules studied for its potential health benefits,........I summarize the findings from some of the most significant preclinical studies with EGCG in arthritic diseases(134).

3. Olive oil
Olive oil when used conjunction with fish oil is found to prevent the early development and protect against progression the diseases in patient with RA, in our earlier research(135). In other study of a total 145 RA patients and 188 control subjects, regular intake of of both cooked vegetables and olive oil was inversely and independently associated with risk of RA, probably through the consumption of n-3 fatty acids and nutrients effects(136). Dr. Rosillo MÁ and the research team lead by the University of Seville showed that phenolic compounds found in the extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) inhibited the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and prostaglandin E2 in the joint as well as down-regulation of the arthritic process(137).

4. Salmon
Salmon containing high amount Omega 3 fatty acid which is found to decrease the risk of RA(138).
Salmon cartilage proteoglycan (PG), in animal model is found effective in suppressed excess inflammation in different mouse inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, through attenuated collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) pathogenesis by modulating immune response and local production inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the joints(139).Salmon calcitonin, a hormone found in salmon and used as spray for treatment of osteoporosis exhibited anti inappropriate inflammatory responses contribute to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to the School of Food Science and Environmental Health(140).

5. Ginger
Ginger (Zingiber officinale), one of traditional herbal medicine and spicy used in many Asian culture today, is being used as an anti-inflammatory in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Crude dichloromethane extract from ginger, contained essential oils and more polar compounds, was found more efficacious in preventing both joint inflammation and destruction, according to Dr. Funk JL and scientists at the University of Arizona(141)).
Dr. Al-Nahain A and the research team at the University of Development Alternative said"..., phytochemicals( found in ginger) can form the basis of discovery of new drugs, which not only can provide symptomatic relief but also may provide total relief from RA by stopping RA-induced bone destruction"(142).

Arthritis Is Curable
You Can Eliminate Osteoarthritis
By addressing the Underlying Causes through Clinical Trials and Studies

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer recommended by Kyle J. Norton

Back to Kyle J. Norton Home page http://kylejnorton.blogspot.caReferences
(127) Yoga as a method of symptom management in multiple sclerosis by Frank R1, Larimore J1.(PubMed)
(128) The effects of mind-body therapies on the immune system: meta-analysis by Morgan N1, Irwin MR2, Chung M3, Wang C1.(PubMed)
(129) Protective effect of soy protein on collagen-induced arthritis in rat by Mohammad Shahi M1, Rashidi MR, Mahboob S, Haidari F, Rashidi B, Hanaee J.(PubMed)
(130) Genistein suppresses tumor necrosis factor α-induced inflammation via modulating reactive oxygen species/Akt/nuclear factor κB and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase signal pathways in human synoviocyte MH7A cells by Li J1, Li J2, Yue Y1, Hu Y1, Cheng W1, Liu R3, Pan X4, Zhang P1.(PubMed)
(131) Soy protein, genistein, and daidzein improve serum paraoxonase activity and lipid profiles in rheumatoid arthritisin rats by Mohammadshahi M1, Haidari F, Saei AA, Rashidi B, Mahboob S, Rashidi MR.(PubMed)
(132) Green Tea Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Suppresses Autoimmune Arthritis Through Indoleamine-2,3-Dioxygenase Expressing Dendritic Cells and the Nuclear Factor, Erythroid 2-Like 2 Antioxidant Pathway by Min SY1, Yan M1, Kim SB2, Ravikumar S3, Kwon SR4, Vanarsa K3, Kim HY5, Davis LS1, Mohan C3.(PubMed)
(133) Anti-inflammatory activity of green versus black tea aqueous extract in a rat model of human rheumatoid arthritis by Ramadan G1, El-Beih NM1, Talaat RM2, Abd El-Ghffar EA1.(PubMed)
(134) Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin 3-gallate in arthritis: progress and promise by Ahmed S1.(PubMed)
(135) The effect of olive oil and fish consumption on rheumatoid arthritis--a case control study by Linos A1, Kaklamanis E, Kontomerkos A, Koumantaki Y, Gazi S, Vaiopoulos G, Tsokos GC, Kaklamanis P.(PubMed)
(136) Dietary factors in relation to rheumatoid arthritis: a role for olive oil and cooked vegetables? by Linos A1, Kaklamani VG, Kaklamani E, Koumantaki Y, Giziaki E, Papazoglou S, Mantzoros CS.(PubMed)
(137) Anti-inflammatory and joint protective effects of extra-virgin olive-oil polyphenol extract in experimental arthritis by Rosillo MÁ1, Alcaraz MJ2, Sánchez-Hidalgo M1, Fernández-Bolaños JG3,(PubMed)
(138) Lower omega-3 fatty acids are associated with the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide autoantibodies in a population at risk for future rheumatoid arthritis: a nested case-control study. by Gan RW1, Young KA1, Zerbe GO2, Demoruelle MK3, Weisman MH4, Buckner JH5, Gregersen PK6, Mikuls TR7, O'Dell JR7, Keating RM8, Clare-Salzler MJ9,Deane KD3, Holers VM3, Norris JM10. Alarcón-de-la-Lastra C1, Ferrándiz ML4.(PubMed)
(139) Attenuation of collagen-induced arthritis in mice by salmon proteoglycan by Yoshimura S1, Asano K1, Nakane A1.(PubMed)
(140) An intra-articular salmon calcitonin-based nanocomplex reduces experimental inflammatory arthritis by Ryan SM1, McMorrow J, Umerska A, Patel HB, Kornerup KN, Tajber L, Murphy EP, Perretti M, Corrigan OI, Brayden DJ.(PubMed)
(141) Comparative effects of two gingerol-containing Zingiber officinale extracts on experimental rheumatoid arthritis by Funk JL1, Frye JB, Oyarzo JN, Timmermann BN.(PubMed)
(142) Zingiber officinale: A Potential Plant against Rheumatoid Arthritis by Al-Nahain A1, Jahan R2, Rahmatullah M1.(PubMed)

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