Black or common bean may be considered as function foods in attenuated risk of Cardivascular disease, a renowned institute postulated.
Cardiovascular disease is a condition of heart attack caused by block of blood in vessel as a result of narrowing and hardening of blood vessels.
Black bean, a small roughly ovoid legumes with glossy black shells, genus Phaseolus, belongings to the family Fabaceae can be bought in most grocery stores all around the year in dried and canned forms.
According to the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, individuals who eat more bean in promoted less glycaemic stress (hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia) may have a reduced risk of CVD,
The study also addressed the importance of bean efficacy on glycaemic response and the impact of that relationship may have on the risk of developing diabetes and CVD.
In Sprague-Dawley rats model and C57Bl/6 mice induced obesity by a diet, both bean diet,groups showed a significant in reduced plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol without affecting HDL-cholesterol or total TAG in short-term. And bean-fed obese mice not only induced weight loss but also improved plasma lipid profile within a 12 d time frame in compared to other groups.
The weight loss and reduced levels of blood cholesterol in tested subjects provided a significant information of bean function in ameliorated risk of cardiovascular disease.
Other in the study of risk of development of cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes, suggested that the imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant systems in patients with types 2 diabetes may be the leading causes of heart complications involving high cardiac collagen content.
Therefor, increased intake of bean diet may play a prevalent role in reduced risk of CVD by increased total antioxidant activity and decreased the expression of hyperglycaemic state, catalase and superoxide dismutase activity and tissue damage caused by lipid peroxidation.
Dr. Oliveira RJ, the lead author said, "The phaseolamin treatment attenuated the collagen levels compared to non-treated diabetic rats. Thus, the short-term anti-hyperglycaemic effect of the phaseolamin treatment may prevent the initial changes caused by oxidative stress and the deposition of collagen, as well as reduce the incidence of heart complications".
Collectively, adding a bean portion in your diet daily may have a substantially reduced risk of heart disease and heart complications in diabetics, in comparison to people with typical American diet.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Phaseolus beans: impact on glycaemic response and chronic disease risk in human subjects by Hutchins AM1, Winham DM, Thompson SV.(PubMed)
(2) Edible dry bean consumption (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) modulates cardiovascular risk factors and diet-induced obesity in rats and mice by Zhu Z1, Jiang W, Thompson HJ.(PubMed)
(3) Phaseolamin treatment prevents oxidative stress and collagen deposition in the hearts of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by Oliveira RJ1, de Oliveira VN, Deconte SR, Calábria LK, da Silva Moraes A, Espindola FS.(PubMed)